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姓名 鲍惠铭 性别:
职称 研究员 学历 研究生
电话 0851-85891199 传真: 0851-85891199
Email: bao@lsu.edu 邮编: 550002
地址 贵州省贵阳市观水路46号中国科学院地球化学研究所
简历:

教育经历:

学位(加注英文) 

时间 

国家 

院校 

专业 

博士(Ph.D 

1993.08-1998.05 

美国 

美国普林斯顿大学 

同位素地球化学 

硕士(Master 

1986.09-1989.09 

中国 

中科院南京地质古生物研究所 

地质古生物专业 

学士(Bachelor 

1982.09-1986.07 

中国 

北京大学地质系 

古生物专业 

工作经历:

职务(加注英文) 

时间 

国 家 

单位(加注英文) 

Charles L. Jones教授(Professor 

2012.08-至今 

美国 

美国路易斯安娜州立大学 

Louisiana State University 

正教授(Professor 

2012.04-2012.08 

美国 

美国路易斯安娜州立大学 

Louisiana State University 

副教授(Associate professor 

2007.07-2012.04 

美国 

美国路易斯安娜州立大学 

Louisiana State University 

助理教授(Assistant professor 

2001.08-2007.07 

美国 

美国路易斯安娜州立大学 

Louisiana State University 

博士后(Postdoctoral Research Associate 

1998.08-2001.07 

美国 

美国加州大学圣地亚哥分校University of CaliforniaSan Diego 

研究科学家(Research Scientist 

1996-1997 

美国 

美国加州大学Santa Cruz分校University of California, Santa Cruz (in absentia from PrincetonUniversity) 

助教(Assistant in Instruction/Research 

1993.08-1998.07 

美国 

美国普林斯顿大学 

Princeton University 

助理研究员( Assistant Researcher 

1989-1993 

中国 

中科院南京地质古生物研究所 

研究方向:

  提出并建立了氧化物氧-17高精度测量技术与方法,开创性地将这一独特的稳定同位素参数应用于地质学、大气科学和环境科学,并取得了一系列创新性进展。近年来,领导的团队奠定了利用稳定同位素非质量分馏信号研究重大地质事件、地球环境变化等科学问题的国际地位,在权威SCI期刊上发表论文40余篇,其中以第一作者发表Nature论文4篇、Science论文2篇。 

  近五年在以下四个方面做出突出的成绩: 

  1. 重建了元古代大气圈CO2-O2 浓度的大尺度演变历史。发现了原生硫酸盐矿物中存在巨大的氧-17负异常,这一特征只在陨石中出现过。这一发现为元古代的“雪球地球”假说提供了最具说服力的证据,其成果发表在NatureScience上,开创了研究古大气环境(比如pCO2pO2 和生物演变)的新方法和新领域。 

  2. 发现了火山喷发或生物及人类活动所产生的含硫气体的大规模氧化现象。大规模硫释放事件可以引发“干雾”,根据大量多维同位素数据,重建了地质记录中火山硫喷发事件以及硫氧化事件,成果发表在Nature上,为研究与生物大灭绝事件有关的火山事件提供了一个全新的思路与方法。(该成果荣获美国环保总署2011年度科学技术成就奖)。 

  3. 研究了硫酸根离子的微生物还原和生物反硝化、硝化作用过程。使用独特的基于氧的三维同位素方法,揭示了大气圈氧气保存在含氧阴离子中的过程和途径,提出了全新的硫化物氧化的分子机理,为研究地球历史中的碳、氮、硫循环提供了新的手段。 

  4. 从氧-17角度创新性地研究了地球极端干旱地带的大气沉降物,提出了干旱地带地表盐(SO42-NO3-ClO4-)起源于大气沉降物,确证了微小的大气气溶胶能够累积成巨厚的岩层。提出了利用类似地区的地表盐来研究地球或火星的气候状况及演化,为古气候及火星研究开辟了一个崭新的方向,被认为是该领域开创性工作,被后续几乎所有文章引用。 

 

承担科研项目情况:

起止时间 

项目性质和来源 

经费总额 

参与人数 

申报人的具体职位和任务 

2011.10-2013.09 

美国航天局(NASA Exobiology program 

US$167,604 

3 

负责人 

2010.07-2013.06 

美国国家自然科学基金 (EAR-0952057) 

US$269,644 

3 

负责人 

2010.06-2012.05 

中科院地球化学研究所 矿床地球化学国家重点实验室开放课题 

RMB200,000 

4 

负责人 

2009.01-2010.12 

中国国家自然科学基金委海外合作项目(41374-G2) 

RMB200,000 

3 

负责人 

2008.07-2011.08 

美国石油研究基金(AC类型) 

US$100,000  

2 

负责人 

2008.06-2010.12 

中国国家自然科学基金项目 

RMB530,000 

6 

参加者 

2006.08-2010.05 

美国路易斯安娜州经济发展项目(EDA 

US$100,000  

2 

负责人 

2006.07-2007.06 

美国路易斯安娜州立大学2006年研究基金 

US$10,000  

2 

负责人 

2004.09-2007.08 

美国石油研究基金 

G类型) 

US$35,000  

2 

负责人 

2004.06-2007.05 

美国国家自然科学基金(EAR-0408986 

US$200,000  

4 

负责人 

2001.02-2005.02 

美国路易斯安娜州立大学仪器研制专项 

US$235,919 

4 

负责人 

专家类别:
千人计划
职务:
研究员
社会任职:
获奖及荣誉:

美国科学促进会院士(AAAS Fellow)(2011 

美国环保总署2011年度科学技术成就奖 

美国路易斯安娜大学冠名教授(Charles L. Jones Professor),并获得其名下研究基金作为奖励 

代表论著:

发表时间 

论著(论文)名称 

  发表载体 

论著(论文)作者  

2013 

Widespread Contamination of Carbonate-Associated Sulfate by Present-day Secondary Atmospheric Sulfate: Evidence from Triple Oxygen Isotopes  

 LPI 

Peng, Yongbo*, Bao, Huiming, Pratt,L.M.,Kaufman, A. J., Jiang, G., Zhou, Chuanming, Yuan, Xunlai(第一作者为候选人博士生)  

2013 

Sedimentary Constraints on the Duration of the Marinoan Oxygen-17 Depletion (MOSD) Event 

 PNAS 

Bryan A. Killingsworth*, Justin A. Hayles, Chuanming Zhou, and Huiming Bao (第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2013 

Oxygen isotope composition of meltwater from a Neoproterozoic glaciation in South China 

Geology 

Peng, Yongbo*, Bao, Huiming, Zhou, Chuanming, Yuan, Xunlai, and Luo, Taiyi(第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2012 

No oxygen isotope exchange between water and APS–sulfate at surface temperature: Evidence from quantum chemical modeling and triple-oxygen isotope experiments 

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 

Kohl*, I. E., Asatryan R., Bao, H. M. (第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2012 

An 17O record of late Neoproterozoic glaciation in the Kimberley region, Western Australia 

Precambrian Research 

Bao, Huiming, Chen, Zhong-Qiang, Zhou, Chuanming 

2012 

Massive atmospheric nitrate accumulation in a continental interior desert, northwestern China 

Geology 

Qin, Y., Li, Y., Bao, H.M., Liu, F., et al. 

2011 

17O-depleted barite from two Marinoan cap dolostone sections, South China 

Earth and Planetary Science Letters 

Peng, Yongbo*, Bao, Huiming, Zhou, Chuanming, and Yuan, Xunlai(第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2011 

Triple-Oxygen-Isotope Determination of Molecular Oxygen Incorporation in Sulfate Produced during Abiotic Pyrite Oxidation (pH = 2-11) 

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 

Kohl, I. E.* and Bao, Huiming(第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2011 

Thermal-Gradient Induced Non-Mass-Dependent Isotope Fractionation 

Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 

Sun, Tao* and Bao, Huiming(第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2011 

Carbon, sulfur, and oxygen isotope evidence for a strong depth gradient and oceanic oxidation after the Ediacaran Hankalchough glaciation 

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 

Bing Shen, Shuhai Xiao, Huiming Bao, Alan J. Kaufman, Chuanming Zhou, and Xunlai Yuan 

2011 

Non-mass-dependent 17O anomalies generated by a superimposed thermal gradient on a rarefied O2 gas in a closed system 

Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 

Sun, Tao* and Bao, Huiming(第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2011 

The Antarctic achondrite, Grove Mountains 021663: An olivine-rich winonaite 

Meteoritics & Planetary Science 

Li, S.J., Wang, S.J., Bao, H.M., Miao, B.K., Liu, S., Coulson, I.M., Li, X.Y., Li, Y. 

2010 

Massive volcanic SO2 oxidation and sulphate aerosol deposition in Cenozoic North America 

Nature 

Bao, Huiming, Yu, Shaocai, and Tong, Daniel Q. 

2010 

Timing the deposition of 17O-depleted barite at the aftermath of Nantuo glacial meltdown in South China 

Geology 

Zhou, Chuanming, Bao, Huiming*, Peng, Yongbo and Yuan, Xunlai 

2009 

New morphological observations for Paleoproterozoic acritarchs from the Chuanlinggou Formation, North China 

Precambrian Research 

*Peng, Y., Bao, Huiming, and Yuan, X-L (第一作者为候选人博士生) 

2009 

Stretching the Envelope of Past Surface Environments: Neoproterozoic Glacial Lakes from Svalbard 

Science 

Bao, Huiming, Ian J. Fairchild, Peter M. Wynn, and Christoph Spötl 

2008 

Triple oxygen isotope evidence for elevated CO2 levels after a Neoproterozoic glaciation 

Nature 

Bao, Huiming, Jim Lyons, and Chuanming Zhou 

2008 

Comments on “Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate” 

Science 

Bao, Huiming, Sun, T.*, Kohl, I.*, and Peng, Y.-P.* 

2008 

Two chloride end-members in soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica 

Journal of Geophysical Research, D: Atmospheres 

Bao, Huiming, Jaime D. Barnes, Zach D. Sharp, and David R. Marchant 

2008 

Sulfur and oxygen isotope study of sulfate reduction in experiments with natural populations from Fællestrand, Denmark 

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 

Farquhar, J., Canfield, D. E., Masterson, A., Bao, H., and Johnston, D. 

2008 

Stratification and mixing of a post-glacial Neoproterozoic ocean: Evidence from carbon and sulfur isotopes in a cap dolostone from northwest China 

Earth and Planetary Science Letters 

Bing Shen, Shuhai Xiao, Alan J. Kaufman, Huiming Bao, Chuanming Zhou, Haifeng Wang 

2008 

Stable isotope systematics of cryogenic evaporite deposits from Lowis Cliff ice tongue, Antarctica: A Mars analog 

Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 

Socki, R. A., Harvey, R. P. , Bish, D. L., Tonui, E., Bao, Huiming 

2007 

The five stable isotope compositions of the Fig Tree barites: Implications on sulfur cycle in an early Archean ocean 

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 

Bao, Huiming, Rumble III, D., Lowe, D. R. 

2007 

Ultrastructural and geochemical characterization of Archean–Paleoproterozoic graphite particles: Implications for recognizing traces of life in highly metamorphosed rocks 

Astrobiology 

Schiffbauer, J. D., Yin, L.-M., Bondnar, R. J. Kaufman, A. J., Meng, F.W., Hu, J., Shen, B., Yuan, X.-L., Bao, H. M., and Xiao, S. H. 

2006 

Quantifying sulfate components and their variations in soils of the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica 

Journal of Geophysical Research, D: Atmosphere 

Bao, Huiming, and D. R. Marchant 

2006 

Caliche as a geological repository of atmospheric sulfate 

Geophysical Research Letters 

*Howell, K. J. and Bao, Huiming(第一作者为候选人硕士生) 

2006 

Multiple oxygen and sulfur isotope characterization of total atmospheric sulfate deposition in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA 

Atmospheric Environment 

*Jenkins, K. A. and Bao, Huiming(第一作者为候选人硕士生) 

2006 

Purifying synthetic barite for oxygen isotope measurement by dissolution and reprecipitation in a chelating solution 

Analytical Chemistry 

Bao, Huiming 

2005 

Planetesimal sulfate and aqueous alteration in CM and CI carbonaceous chondrites 

Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 

Airieau, S.A., Farquhar, J., Thiemens, M.H., Leshin, L.A., Bao, H., and Young, E. 

2005 

Deformation structures and an alteration zone linked to deposition of volcanogenic sulfate in an ancient playa (Oligocene of Nebraska, USA) 

Sedimentology 

Loope, D. B., Mason, J. A., Bao, H., et al. 

2005 

Sulfate in modern playa settings and in ash beds in hyperarid deserts: Implication on the origin of 17O-anomalous sulfate in an Oligocene ash bed 

Chemical Geology 

Bao, Huiming 

2004 

Natural perchlorate has a unique oxygen isotope signature 

Environmental Science and Technology 

Bao, Huiming and Gu, Baohua 

2004 

Different sulfate sources and their post-depositional migration in Atacama soils 

Earth & Planetary Science Letters 

Bao, Huiming, Jenkins, K.A., Khachaturyan, M. and Chong-Díaz, G. 

2004 

The Neoproterozoic Quruqtagh Group in eastern Chinese Tianshan: Evidence for a post-Marinoan glaciation 

Precambrian Research 

Shuhai Xiao, Huiming Bao, Haifeng Wang, Alan J. Kaufman, Chuanming Zhou, Guoxiang Li, Xunlai Yuan, and Hongfei Ling 

2003 

Multiple oxygen and sulfur isotopic analyses on water-soluble sulfate in bulk atmospheric deposition from the southwestern United States 

Journal of Geophysical Research, D: Atmosphere 

Bao, Huiming, and Reheis, M.C. 

2003 

Sulfate oxygen-17 anomaly in an Oligocene ash bed in mid-North America: Was it the dry fogs? 

Geophysical Research Letters 

Bao, Huiming, Thiemens, M.H., Loope, D.B. and Yuan, X.-L. 

2001 

Oxygen-17 excesses of the central Namib gypcretes: Spatial distribution 

Earth & Planetary Science Letters 

Bao, Huiming, Thiemens, M. H., and Heine, K. 

2001 

Questions regarding Precambrian sulfur isotope fractionation – Response 

Science 

Farquhar, J., Bao, Huiming & Thiemens, M. H. et al. 

2001 

Mass-independent isotopic compositions in terrestrial and extraterrestrial solids and their Applications 

Accounts of Chemical Research 

Thiemens, M. H., Savarino, J., Farquhar, J., Bao, Huiming 

2001 

Sulfate oxygen-17 anomalies in desert varnishes 

Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 

Bao, Huiming, Greg Michalski, and Mark H. Thiemens 

2001 

The Neoproterozoic tillites at Lantian, Xiuning County, Anhui Province [China] 

Journal of Stratigraphy [in Chinese with English Abstract] 

Zhou, C., Yan, K., Hu, J., Meng, F., Chen, Z., Xue, Y., Cao, R., Yin, L., Wang, J., Wang, J., Xiao, S., Bao, H., and Yuan, X. 

2000 

Origin of sulfate in Antarctic Dry Valley soils as deduced from anomalous 17O compositions 

Nature 

Bao, Huiming, Douglas A. Campbell, James G. Bockheim, Mark H. Thiemens 

2000 

Generation of O2 from BaSO4 using a CO2-laser fluorination system for simultaneous d18O and d17O analysis 

Analytical Chemistry 

Bao, Huiming, Thiemens, M. H. 

2000 

Anomalous 17O compositions in massive sulphate deposits on the Earth 

Nature 

Bao, Huiming et al 

2000 

Atmospheric influence of Earth's earliest sulfur cycle 

Science 

Farquhar, J., Bao, Huiming & Thiemens, M. H. 

2000 

An early Eocene cool period? Evidence for continental cooling during the warmest part of the Cenozoic. In: Huber, Brian T., editor 

Warm climates in Earth history 

Wing, S. L.; Bao, Huiming; & Koch, P. L. 

2000 

Oxygen isotope composition of ferric oxides from recent soil, hydrologic, and marine environments 

Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 

Bao, Huiming, Koch, P. L., and Thiemens, M. H. 

1999 

Paleocene/Eocene climatic variation in western North America: Evidence from the d18O of pedogenic hematite 

Geological Society of America Bulletin 

Bao, Huiming, Koch, P. L., and Rumble, D. III 

1999 

Oxygen isotope fractionation in ferric oxide-water systems: Low temperature synthesis 

Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 

Bao, Huiming and Koch, P. L. 

1998 

Hematite and calcite coatings on fossils 

Journal of Sedimentary Research A 

Bao, Huiming, Koch, P. L. and Hepple, R. 

1997 

A Late-Devonian (Famennian) Renalcis-epiphyton reef at Zhaijiang, Guilin, South China 

Facies 

Shen, J.W., Yu, C.M., and Bao, Huiming 

1994 

Gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons produced from thermal degradation of two kinds of calcareous algae 

Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 

Wu, Qingyu, Mu, Xinan; and Bao; Huiming 

1993 

Some crypt habitats and cryptobionts in Late Devonian algal mounds in Guilin, south China 

Acta Micropalaontologica Sinica 

Bao, Huiming 

1992 

The closure age of the late Paleozoic rift in Hohxil, Qinghai 

Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 

Sha, J., Zhang, L., Hui, L., Xu, S. and Bao, Huiming 

1992 

Middle Devonian Rothpletzella stromatolites from Yangshuo, Guangxi (China) 

Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica 

Bao, Huiming